One of the sticking points that JW’s have with the concept of the Trinity is the co-equality of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. They see God the Father as the one and only Almighty God, Jesus as God’s Son, and the Holy Spirit as God’s force. We’ve already covered those misconceptions in other posts, so let’s look for evidence in the Bible that the members of the Trinity are co-equal, and what, exactly, we mean by co-equal.
First things first, a definition: co-equal in the sense of the Trinity means “having precisely the same nature, attributes, and perfections” or “possessing equally all the attributes of deity.”
What does that mean, exactly? It means that the nature and attributes of God the Father are the same as those of Jesus and the Holy Spirit. In other words, God, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit are the same type of beings.
For the Lord is the Spirit, and wherever the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. ~2 Cor 3:17
The Son radiates God’s own glory and expresses the very character of God, and he sustains everything by the mighty power of his command. When he had cleansed us from our sins, he sat down in the place of honor at the right hand of the majestic God in heaven. ~Heb 1:3
But you are not controlled by your sinful nature. You are controlled by the Spirit if you have the Spirit of God living in you. (And remember that those who do not have the Spirit of Christ living in them do not belong to him at all.)~ Romans 8:9
I know, it’s a hard concept. Perhaps this will help. Let’s consider marriage for a moment.
“At last!” the man exclaimed. “This one is bone from my bone, and flesh from my flesh! She will be called ‘woman,’ because she was taken from ‘man.’”
This explains why a man leaves his father and mother and is joined to his wife, and the two are united into one. ~Gen 2:23-24
A husband and wife are both human. When they marry, they become “one” (Gen 2:24). Can you see it? God does nothing by accident. He could have just created Eve like he did Adam and all of the other creatures, but He didn’t. Instead, He created Eve from part of Adam. United, they become “one”, a single functional unit (a married couple). Sure, Adam is a man, and Eve is a woman, but they are both human. They both equally possess all the attributes of humanity.
It is the same with the Trinity. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit all equally possess the same divine nature and attributes. When they are united together as a functional unit, they are the Godhead, or simply God.
“The Father and I are one.” ~John 10:30
God the Father is not Jesus. The Holy Spirit is not Jesus. The Holy Spirit is not the Father. Just like Adam is not Eve and Eve is not Adam. Each member of the Trinity is separate, His own “person” but they unite into one.
Before we leave this subject, there’s one other important topic on the question of equality.
But there is one thing I want you to know: The head of every man is Christ, the head of woman is man, and the head of Christ is God. ~1 Cor 11:3
Again, just like with marriage, or biblical marriage anyway, there is a hierarchy. A rank. God, then Christ, then husband, then wife. The Father and the Son are both divine, but God ranks higher than Christ.
Remember what I told you: I am going away, but I will come back to you again. If you really loved me, you would be happy that I am going to the Father, who is greater than I am. ~ John 14:28
Just because someone is greater than me, doesn’t mean they are a higher being. Is your boss greater than you? How about the President? People can be greater in rank, but that doesn’t change their nature or attributes, their humanness.
Christ and the Father are equal in nature (John 10:30), though Jesus is functionally under the Father’s headship (1 Cor. 11:3). – Ron Rhodes from The Challenge of the Cults and New Religions
The Trinity. Equality with order. Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit.
Am I messing with your head yet? Thoughts, comments, concerns, epiphanies?